Localize ASP.NET web pages with resource files
You localize web pages so the text they display appears in the language
the end user is utilizing to view your application. Do this by creating a
resource file that contains the strings to display. You use a
separate resource file for each target language. Then when the user changes
their computer's locale via the Regional Settings Control Panel applet your
application automtically displays its text in the selected language.
There are many ways to create the XML based resource files .NET uses including
using the Resource File Generator (Resgen.exe) application that ships with
.NET. This page, however, takes a more manual approach.
Create a new ASP.NET application then:
Add a button called txtSearch.
On the Project menu click Add New Item.
In the Templates box select Assembly Resource File and name it strings.resx.
This file will contain the default english resources to be used whenever the
application cannot find resources more appropriate to the UI culture.
In the Data Tables pane select data.
In the Data pane in an empty row enter the name of a control on your
page (ex. txtSearch) and the text Search for the following text.
Save the file as strings.resx.
Repeat steps 1 - 5. This time use the value Nach dem folgenden Text suchen:
and save the file as strings.de.resx. Language specific characters can
be entered by using the corresponding keyboard layout in the Regional Settings
To access the resources add this before the declarations for WebForm1:
Add this to the declarations at the top of the WebForm1 class:
In Visual Basic, put the code after the Inherits statement. In Visual C#,
put it after the namespace
Protected LocRM As ResourceManager
protected ResourceManager LocRM;
Add this to Page_Load method:
Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture(Request.UserLanguages(0))
Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentUICulture = New CultureInfo(Request.UserLanguages(0))
LocRM = New ResourceManager("YourProject.strings", GetType(WebForm1).Assembly)
Button1.Text = LocRM.GetString("txtSearch")
Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture(Request.UserLanguages);
Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentUICulture = new CultureInfo(Request.UserLanguages);
LocRM= new ResourceManager("YourProject.strings", typeof(WebForm1).Assembly);
Button1.Text = LocRM.GetString("txtSearch");
Build and run the project:
The form should display with the button's caption displayed in english.
Now use the Regional Settings Control Panel applet to set your Locale to Germany
and rerun the application. The German text should now be displayed.